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What to Do About Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is an infection that affects the gum and tissues around the gum. This chronic condition can lead to the destruction of bones and the tissues of the gums that support teeth. Gums support a human tooth. The tooth root is anchored by bones that are supported by periodontal ligaments. However, between teeth, a gap called sulcus exists. This gap is more vulnerable to periodontal diseases.
Periodontal diseases are of two major types:
This is the inflammation of gums that arises from an excess plaque on the teeth. The condition is characterized by red and swollen gums. The gums bleed when brushing your teeth. Gingivitis occurs in acute and chronic forms. Acute gingivitis is associated with certain infections and microorganisms while chronic the chronic one is associated with a bacteria film that covers the gums and teeth.
Periodontitis is a more advanced periodontal disease. It is accompanied by pulling away of gum tissues from teeth. These create room where new bacteria build up leading to infections.
Periodontitis is mainly characterized by the formation of pockets between teeth, red, swollen and bleeding gums. Other characteristics are poor tooth alignment, pain when chewing, receding gums, lose or sensitive teeth and even swollen sores along the gum line.
Aggressive periodontitis occurs in children who are mainly below three years of age. Necrotizing periodontitis, on the other hand, destroys tissues, bones, and ligaments in the mouth. This condition is common in people who smoke or those with weaker immunity, such as those living with HIV/AIDS.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
The leading cause of periodontal disease in plaque. Plaque is a sticky substance that forms on teeth after brushing them. This gives room for bacteria to build up along the gumline and on the teeth. Within this time, the body immunity releases substances that cause inflammation of the gums, leading to bleeding and swelling. These bacteria produce toxic acids that injure gums and the tissues that support the teeth. When plaque is not removed within two days, the layer hardens into a rough coating called tartar.
Although plaque buildup is the leading cause of periodontal disease, Vita Dental Spring suggests other factors that can increase the risk of gum disease. These include:
Having family members with this condition are proof of genetical influence. People with a genetic susceptibility to this disease can, however, observe oral health as a way of controlling the disease.
Tobacco Use and Smoking
Tobacco contains tar which accumulates on the teeth. This tar is responsible in the development of pockets which may be hiding place for bacteria.
Certain diseases increase one’s susceptibility to these periodontal diseases. People who have diabetes, for instance, have a high risk for periodontal infections. This may be due to poorly controlled blood sugar levels that lead to slow healing of gums.
Other diseases like HIV/AIDS, leukemia and inflammatory bowel increase the risk of having periodontal diseases.
Stress worsens periodontal disease and makes it hard for the body to fight infections like gingivitis and periodontitis. Stress can also increase hormones which make a person susceptible to infections.
Calcium is a necessary mineral in the development of healthy bones that anchor the roots of teeth. Taking of diet deficient in calcium may lead to the development of weak bones which may result in periodontal disease
Due to the above reasons, one is likely to contract the periodontal disease. In case of any infections, the following are the symptoms and signs;
• Swelling and bleeding of gums
• Persistent bad breath
• Pain when chewing and eating
• spaces between your teeth.
• Loose teeth
Oral hygiene is the best way of fighting periodontal infections. In general, people can also observe the following to prevent or control periodontal disease:
Regular Brushing of Teeth
Vita dental springs recommend brushing of teeth at least twice in a day. Brushing will help remove plaque that sticks in the inner and outer tooth surfaces. Always use a toothpaste containing calcium.
Avoid smoking of tobacco
The tar in tobacco is harmful to gums and teeth. Tar damage gum tissues and receding of gums. Quitting smoking may, therefore, be a step to achieving a healthy dental health
Regular Dental Checkups
Dental checkups can help in the diagnosis of periodontal disease when in its early stages. One should, therefore, have their teeth regularly checked by their dentists.
Flossing of teeth removes plaque and other food particles that remain in the mouth even after brushing. Vita Dental Spring provides you with a proper flossing technique.
Observing regular oral hygiene is not enough to keep you away from periodontal disease. One should protect their gums by eating food rich in calcium. They should also avoid a diet rich in sugar.
While oral hygiene is the key to a disease-free dental formula, instances occur when professional treatment is necessary to overcome these infections. Visit Vita Dental Spring to have your check-ups done and medication if necessary.