Gum Disease: Causes, Prevention, & Treatment of Gum Disease
Spring TX

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What is Gum Disease and What are the Treatment Options, as Explained by a Spring Texas Dentist

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What is Gum Disease and What are the Treatment Options, as Explained by a Spring Texas Dentist

Subject matter experts and dental practitioners are always on our case to ensure we maintain good oral hygiene practices. This involves ensuring you brush your teeth twice a day, flossing in between them and watching your diet as well to ensure that you stay away from foods and drinks that are not good for your dental health. They also insist that you should ensure you visit the dentist at least twice every year so that you can have yourself examined as far as your oral health is concerned.

This is usually not for good reason as this enables you to stay away from oral health issues such as gum disease. Also called periodontal disease, gum disease is an infection of the gum tissue which can lead to teeth loss as it destroys the bone that supports teeth. As a dentist working at the excellent Vita Dental over in Spring Texas, we usually get a lot of cases of gum disease and as such I’m well placed to tell you what it is all about as well as the treatment options that are available for those with the condition. Keep reading this article for more on this, keeping in mind that if you need treatment on the same, you can always give us a visit for the best services around.

The first thing I’m going to highlight as far as gum disease is concerned is what causes it. The main cause of gum disease is plaque which is the sticky material that forms around the teeth and is due to bacteria. If the bacterial plaque is left to accumulate unchecked around the teeth, that is if one is not brushing and flossing their teeth as advised, then it can advance beneath the gum tissue. Over time, the bacterial plaque will harden into what is referred to as tartar.

Gum disease occurs in stages, with the first stage being known as gingivitis. This is the stage that occurs when one fails to clean and remove bacterial plaque thoroughly form teeth.

The signs of gingivitis are usually red, swollen and bleeding gums. Gingivitis, however, can be reversed easily as all you need to do is go back to daily brushing and flossing of your teeth as well as visiting your dentist for a professional cleaning. If you choose to ignore the signs of gingivitis however, it can progress to the next stage of gum disease that is known as periodontitis, which basically is advanced gum disease. Advanced gum disease affects the gum tissue as well as the bone and ligaments that support your teeth.

Next up we are going to look for the signs and symptoms that indicate that one has gum disease, which are important to note as in most cases, gum disease is painless hence easy to ignore. Red flags to look out for include bleeding in the gums, especially gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing, gum recession, bad breath, loose teeth, visible pus surrounding teeth, teeth sensitivity, painful chewing as well as gums that are red, tender and swollen.

There are also certain groups of people that are likely to suffer from gum disease such as older folks, with majority of people with gum disease being those that are over the age of 65. Other risk factors other than age include poor oral hygiene, use of tobacco products such as smoking among others. Other factors that could lead to gum disease include poorly fitting bridges and fillings which can provide the perfect site for bacterial plaque to collect. Women undergoing hormonal changes such as pregnant women, teenagers as well as those taking oral contraceptives are also at a high risk of contracting gum disease and as such, they should always ensure they follow good oral hygiene practices.

Time to take a look at the gum disease treatment options that are available after one is diagnosed with the same. One of the treatment options we offer is scaling and root planning among other nonsurgical periodontal therapy techniques that aim to remove plaque and tartar from the root surfaces. These procedures and techniques are accompanied through the use of hand, sonic and ultrasonic instruments. After this is done, we then follow it up with assisting therapy treatments such as the prescribing of antimicrobial medicines.

Laser treatment can also be used here, which also works to help remove deposits of plaque and tartar. We also make use of pharmacological therapy which involves both systemic antibiotics, which are used to prevent gum disease from spreading, as well as local drug delivery which will work in periodontal pockets to improve one’s periodontal health. another treatment option that is available, one we also offer is surgical therapy. These surgical therapy procedures help give dentists and oral surgeons better access to the plaque and tartar so that they can be effectively removed.

Surgical therapy is also done to regenerate lost bone in severe cases; where the gum disease has destroyed the bone. While it is recommended that you should visit the dentist twice a year under normal circumstances, if you are showing signs of gum disease, it is recommended that you do so more frequently.

If you are in Spring Texas and you are looking for gum disease treatment as well as other dental services, you should give us a visit over at Dentist in spring Tx, for the best services.