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What are Dental Implants and Types of It?

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Millions of children and adults lose their teeth every day. Missing a tooth is one of the terrible things that could happen to a person. A person’s look will change, and their confidence will go down. Luckily, some remedies have come up. Initially, dental dentures were the preferred remedy for missing tooth, but dental implants have come to dethrone them as the preferred option for many. If you are wondering what exactly dental implants are and what types of dental implants are available, these highlighted points by Vita Dental Katy will give you more insight.

What are dental implants?

These are frames or metal posts that are inserted into the jawbone surgically. Once the implant has been placed and integrated well with the jawbone, the dentist puts a replacement tooth to act like a normal tooth. They are a preferred alternative to dental dentures since they are more stable, require low maintenance and last for long.

Types of dental Implants

  1. Endosteal dental implant

There are three types of endosteal implant. There is the blade implant where thin plates are embedded into the jawbone, Ramus frame implant where a horse shoe-shaped device is inserted into the mandible and root form implant that takes on the shape of a normal tooth. The root form implant is the most common of the three, and the implant is positioned in such a manner that it offers directional load distribution.

  1. Subperiosteal implant

This is a type of implant where the artificial tooth is placed beneath the periosteum that overlies the cortex. Here the jaw bone is not necessarily drilled. Much of the support is provided by the gums and how the implant lies on the bony cortex.

  1. Transosteal implant

This type of implant can, also, be referred to as staple bone implant, mandibular staple implant or transmandibular implant. This type of implant is a combination of both the endosteal components and those of subperiosteal. The implant penetrates the two cortical plates.

  1. Intramucosal dental implants

As the name hints, this type of implant is inserted directly into the oral mucosa. In this case, the mucosa is used as the site for attachment and the metal inserts, usually made from titanium.

  1. Fibrointergration implants

This type of implant is a product of recommendations by Dr. CharlseWiess. In this type of implant, the implanted tooth is completely encapsulated by the soft tissue in the mouth.

  1. Cylindrical dental implants

The dental implants available come in different shapes, and cylindrical is one of them. The coating and surface condition is what will determine whether or not to use cylindrical dental implants as the coating and the surface provide bonding and microscopic retention with the bone. The cylindrical implant can be conical, straight or tapered and is tapped or pushed into the bone site that has been prepared.

  1. Threaded dental Implants

When you look at the surface of the implants, you will see threads. This is where the name of this implant roots from. The main purpose of the threaded surface is to increase the implant’s surface area hence providing a more solid contact with the jawbone. The threads result in the implant being in contact and subjected to force over a greater bone volume.

  1. Vented dental implants

This type of implant is a cylinder that has been coated with hydroxy apatite. They have a vertical groove that connects to the apical veins. This facilitates seating, and the bone growth into the groove prevents rotation.

  1. Hollow dental implants

The hollow dental implants have a hollow design in their apical portion. There are perforations on the implant’s sides that have been arranged systematically. The perforations are meant to increase the anchoring surface and prevent the implant from twisting and moving.

  1. Smooth, machined, textured and coated surface implants

The smooth surface implants have a smooth surface.Machined surface implants are those whose surfaces have been machined for better anchorage.Textured surface implants have a rough surface for increased surface area, and the coated surface implants are those whose surfaces have been covered by a porous coating, usually titanium or hydroxy apatite.

  1. Metallic dental implants

These are implants that are made of metal. The most common metallic dental implants today are those made of titanium. However, stainless steel, Vitallium and an alloy of cobalt chromium molybdenum can be used.

  1. Ceramic dental implants

The ceramics can either be coated or sprayed on the surface of the implant to produce a surface that is bio active. You can also find non-reactive ceramic material.

  1. Polymeric dental implants

These implants are in the form of polytetrafluoroethylene and polymethylmethacrylate. These have, however, only been used along with implants made from other material as adjuncts stress distribution and not used solely by themselves.

  1. Carbon implants

These are implants made of a mixture of carbon and stainless steel. They have the same elasticity as the jawbone but are brittle and can fracture much easily as compared to implants made from other material.

Summery-  Here we have classified all the dental implants, which is depends on according to patient oral condition. if you want to consult and get more information about it. so Book an appointment today with our dental care specialist in Fry Road Katy.