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Symptoms & Treatment of Gingivitis
Gingivitis is a common and mild type of gum disease, which leads to irritation, swelling, and redness of the gingiva. This is that part of the gum that at the base of the teeth. It is important to take this disease seriously. If it is ignored, it can transform into periodontitis, which might cause you to lose your teeth. The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral health habits. If you maintain proper oral health, you might never have to deal with this disease. Here at Vita Dental Spring, we want to tell you about the symptoms and your treatment options.
What causes it?
Poor Oral Hygiene
Gum disease is often caused by poor oral hygiene. This allows plaque and bacteria to remain on the teeth and infect gums. However, other causes increase the risk of catching gingivitis. Some of the other common causes are:
Chewing or smoking tobacco can keep small lesions on the gums from healing, which causes them to grow. This creates the perfect environment for an infection to develop.
Rotated or crooked teeth create a bigger surface area where the plaque can accumulate. Besides that, they are harder to lean, which increases the chances of gingivitis developing.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause are usually associated with increased rates of gingivitis. This hormone surge causes blood vessels in the gums to be more prone to chemical and bacterial attacks. At puberty, gum disease prevalence is usually at about 70-90 percent.
Cancer and cancer treatment may make a person more at risk of catching a gum infection. This is because of the medication used and the disruptive nature of cancer on the normal function of gum tissue.
Excessive alcohol consumption has also been known to negatively affect the ability of the mouth to defend against gum infections. The more alcohol you take, the higher the chance you will develop gingivitis.
Stress and Mouth Breathing
Being too stressed is also known to affect the body’s ability to defend itself from infection. Another cause of gingivitis is mouth breathing. It can be quite harsh on your gums if your lips do not protect the gums. This leads to inflammation and gum irritation.
Diet will also affect your likelihood of catching gingivitis. For instance, if your diet comprises of mainly carbohydrates and sugar combined with low water intake, it could increase the chances of plaque buildup. The lack of important vitamins such as vitamin C also affects the ability of your gums to heal.
Other causes of gingivitis are diabetes mellitus, which impairs the circulation to your gums and their ability to heal, medication such as anti-seizure medicine, and lack of proper dental care. Additionally, poor saliva production or dry mouth is also another cause of gingivitis.
Symptoms of Gingivitis
The gums become red, swollen, and sensitive to any touch. The gums become this way because of the toxins that plaque release. They irritate the gum tissue and this is what leads to gingivitis over time.
Teeth Appear Longer
In many people that have early onset gingivitis, one of the things they note is that teeth look longer. This is because, the toxins from the bacteria destroying the gingiva, causing it to pull back from the teeth. Thus, teeth look quite long and it is a clear sign of gingivitis.
Pockets Between Teeth and Gums
In some cases, a pocket will appear in the area between the teeth and gums. In some cases, the pockets will be multiple, with most teeth having a pocket next to them. If food particles fall into these pockets, the bacteria will feed and grow. This will cause the gums to be infected much faster. The pockets usually develop because bacterial infections cause them to separate from the teeth.
A clear sign that you are developing gingivitis is nasty stinking breath. Bad breath is usually a clear sign of poor dental health. The foul breath will usually be accompanied by an unpleasant taste in the mouth of the person when they eat food.
Pus Between Gums and Teeth
If you have a thick yellowish fluid develops in pockets between gums and teeth, it may be a sign of gingivitis. The fluid may become so much that it causes pain due to pressure. This pus pocket usually develops because of an infection of the gums. If the gingivitis is not treated, it could lead to major periodontitis.
Most people that have gingivitis will have one or all the signs mentioned above. If you see any of these symptoms, you need to visit the dentist. At the dentist’s office, an expert will closely analyze your situation. If it is not that extensive, the dentist might recommend some products, which could help to alleviate the infection. He or she may also advise you to make some lifestyle changes and improve your dental care routine. This way, it will reduce the chances of further gingivitis attacks developing on your gums.