A Step by Step Guide for Root Canon Treatment | Vita Family Dentist
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How is the Root Canal Therapy Procedure Done?

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Root Canal Therapy is one of the tooth restoration procedures used to repair teeth that are decayed, broken or infected. It is one of the most common tooth replacement options that is widely known. The treatment procedure is usually straightforward. It involves the removal of the pulp from the tooth, cleaning the inside of the tooth, disinfecting the tooth and sealing the open space. Vita Family Dentist highlights the procedure in this article to give a clear understanding of root canal treatment.

The root canal therapy procedure is usually done in four main stages. It usually takes two dental appointments for the procedure to be done entirely.

Preliminary tests and tooth preparation

The first step in the treatment usually involves the identification of the damaged tooth and preparing the site for treatment. Tests have to be done before treatment commences. The dentist will first administer a local anesthesia to make the procedure painless. One can, also, choose to be sedated. The tooth is isolated from the rest to facilitate visualization and help prevent contamination by keeping the tooth dry throughout the procedure. The isolation is usually done using a sheet of rubber. The rubber dam usually has a dimension of 6 X 6 inches. It is placed by punching a small hole near its center,and then the sheet is stretched over your teeth.

Drilling into your tooth and cleaning

Once the stage is set, the next step is beginning the procedure. Your family dentist will use some specialized tools to drill a small hole into your tooth to enable them to access the inside of your tooth. They will then use some small files to remove the damaged pulp from the inside. The result will be a hollow tooth with no pulp inside. The files will, also, be used to shape this empty chamber inside your tooth. The chamber is then cleaned thoroughly to get rid of the remaining pulp. Once it is clean, the dentist will apply an antimicrobial solution inside to help kill any bacteria that may be remaining. It helps reduce the risk of infection.

Given that the tooth is quite small and drilling the little hole and cleaning inside the tooth can seem quite impossible, a surgical operating microscope is usually used to aid the process.

Obtaining measurements for your tooth

The third treatment step is measuring the tooth’s length. The objective of the dentist is to treat the entire range of the nerve space of your tooth but not further than that. It is critical to ensuring that you do not experience pain after the operation. As such, the dentist will measure the length of your tooth’s root canals. The measurements are usually taken using x-ray, electronic measurements or by taking several individual measurements of the tooth.

Filling and sealing the hollow chamber

Once the inner chamber of the tooth is clean and appropriately shaped,and the correct measurements of the tooth obtained, the chamber is filled and sealed. The sealing can either be done immediately after cleaning or after a week. The material used to fill the chamber is called gutta percha. The stuff usually comes in the form of pre-formed cones with sizes that match the exact dimensions of the root canal files.

When it is being placed, an initial cone is first slipped into the root canal. The first cone needs to extend through the full length of the chamber. The other additional cones are then added to fill the interior of the canalal together. After the tooth is completely sealed, a temporary filling will be placed to seal off the access cavities created at the beginning of the procedure. It is to help protect the work done.

Fitting the crown or restoration

Your family dentist will finish the surgery by placing a permanent crown. The crown is usually lab-fabricated to take the color, shape,and size of your natural teeth. Alternatively, the dentist can place any other appropriate restoration as the crown. One may require small supporting posts inside the root chamber to provide support and stability for the crown or the restoration.

After the procedure

Things do not end after the treatment procedure. To ensure that the restored tooth lasts, it is essential that you take good care of your teeth and gums. It means that you have to raise your dental hygiene standards even higher. One will be required to brush their teeth and floss daily to prevent the development of infections. Also, you will need to schedule additional dental appointments with your dentist to follow up. It is to make sure that there are no signs of infection.

Eating healthy and drinking water regularly need to be adhered to firmly. Healthy foods will help improve your oral health while drinking water helps keep your mouth clean hence preventing infections. With proper care and attention to a tooth treated using root canal therapy, it can stay healthy and last for the better part of your life.

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