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So What Is Periodontal disease?
When you have infections around the structures of your the teeth, which include the gums and periodontal ligament this is periodontal disease. At the beginning and early stage, this is usually categorized as gingivitis periodontal disease. In later stages and if not treated it could turn into more severe forms of the disease where all of the tissues are involved.
What is the main cause of periodontal disease?
Usually poor dental hygiene including not frequently brushing and flossing teeth cause plaque buildup which is a sticky film of bacteria which gradually grows then clings and hardens to your teeth. A related term known as periodontal gum is caused by infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place.
What happens if you have periodontal disease?
The bacteria cause inflammation of the gums and is called “gingivitis.” In gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist.
Are there related factors for periodontal disease?
There is a multitude of related factors which can include genetics, ethnicity, advancing age, smoking, diabetes, specific medications, impaired nutrition, poor oral hygiene, poor dental restorations, hormonal variations, connective tissue diseases and previous history of periodontal disease.
How can my dentist know I have periodontal disease?
As part of your regular checkup at Vita Dental, your dentist will perform a periodontal examination and look for signs of periodontal disease. A small dental instrument called a periodontal probe is gently used to measure the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and the gums. To prevent periodontal disease it is important to maintain a schedule to regularly visit with our dental clinic in Houston or Spring locations.
Can I prevent or cure periodontal disease?
Good oral hygiene is the key to preventing and treating periodontal disease and this must include regularly brushing with a toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste which will also help prevent gum disease. Equally important is to remove scaling plaque and calculus to restore periodontal health which is performed during a deep dental cleaning. In addition, it may be necessary to use certain medications such as mouthwashes. In any case, it is always good to consult with our Vita dental offices for the best advice.