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Dentist Near Me: What is gum disease?
When we talk about oral health and oral hygiene practices such a brushing and flossing our teeth, it may seem like it is all about our teeth. However, as discussed in detail over at the excellent vitadentalspring.com, our teeth don’t exist in isolation, as there are a number of structures that support them, including the gum tissue. Therefore, our oral hygiene efforts are not only geared towards ensuring that we have strong and healthy teeth, but also to ensure that our gums are healthy as well. Just like the stability of a building is dependent on the strength of its foundation, our teeth also require strong and healthy gums. This is why, as per discussions on the same over at vitadentalspring.com, gum disease is one of the major causes of tooth loss in adults as, if left untreated, it will destroy the structures that support our teeth in the jawbone causing them to become so loose that they have to be extracted. Given the potential consequences, it is important to know what gum disease is, something this article, with the help of the subject matter experts over at vitadentalspring.com, will look to help with.
As per the gurus over at vitadentalspring.com, gum disease is also known as periodontal disease, and it is the bacterial infection of the structures around the teeth, which includes the gums, the periodontal ligament, the cementum and the alveolar bone, all of which are discussed in detail over at the excellent vitadentalspring.com. Gum disease can be divided into two broad stages; gingivitis, which is its early stage, and periodontitis, which is the latter more serious stage. Gingivitis, the early stage of gum disease, is basically only the inflammation of the gums and as such only affects the gums. If this inflammation is left untreated, then it will develop into periodontitis which is a more serious infection affecting not only the gums, but also other supporting tissues of our teeth. The main cause of gum disease are bacteria in dental plaque, which cause the inflammation and infection. Gum disease has also been linked with other serious health conditions such as stroke, premature births among others, all of which become more likely if you have gum disease.
Next up, we are going to look at some of the risk factors for gum disease. As discussed in detail over at vitadentalspring.com, these include smoking or using other tobacco products, certain medications such as oral contraceptives, poor-fitting dental appliances, pregnancy, a compromised immune system, broken fillings, genetics, poor nutrition among others. As far as symptoms are concerned, it depends on whether you have gingivitis or whether you have periodontitis. In the early stages of gum disease, gingivitis, symptoms include reddening, tenderness and swelling of your gums. You may also experience bleeding in your gums when you brush and floss your teeth. If the situation is left untreated and your gum disease advances, you may develop other symptoms such as halitosis which is foul smell from your mouth, which won’t go away even if you brush your teeth as well as a persistent bad taste in your mouth, gum recession, pain when chewing, tooth sensitivity, changes in your bite, pus in between your teeth and gums as well as loose teeth. As per the gurus over at vitadentalspring.com, you may also notice that dental appliances such as partial dentures don’t fit anymore.
Treatment of gum disease depends on the stage and how early it was caught. Caught early enough, treatment may only involve professional cleaning at your dentist after which you will be told to be diligent with your oral hygiene practices as well as making lifestyle changes like quitting smoking. Treatment for gum disease is broadly divided into two; non-surgical treatments and surgical treatments. Non-surgical treatments include treatment with antibiotics or deep cleaning of your teeth, all of which are available to the people of Spring Texas over at the excellent vitadentalspring.com. As far as treatment with antibiotic medication is concerned, there are a number of medications that can be used such as antiseptic mouthwash, oral antibiotics, antibiotic microspheres, treatment with Doxycycline among others. Deep cleaning of teeth basically involves the removal of plaque and tartar and includes scaling, which is done to remove plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line, root planning, which is done to smooth rough spots as well as remove plaque and tartar from the surfaces of the tooth roots as well as laser treatment, which removes plaque and tartar, but with less bleeding and discomfort than scaling and root planning. In advanced gum disease, you may require surgical procedures for treatment. These are done to reduce pockets of plaque and tartar below the gum line, to regenerate lost bone and tissue, graft soft tissue to cover exposed bone and so forth. These procedures include flap surgery where the gums are lifted back to remove plaque and tartar from deeper pockets and then sutured back in place as well as bone and tissues graft procedures. All these procedures are offered over at the highly rated vitadentalspring.com.
The most important thing to know about gum disease is that, while it is treatable no matter the stage, it is preventable with good oral hygiene practices and lifestyle choices as well as regular visits to your dentist. For more information on this and other related topics, make sure you check out the excellent vitadentalspring.com, which is the best place to go to in Spring Texas when looking for a dentist near you.
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