Dentist in Spring Texas - How Dentist Treat Cavities  - Vita Dental Spring
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Katy, TX

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Dentist in Spring Texas – How Dentist Treat Cavities 

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Dentist in Spring Texas – How Dentist Treat Cavities 

Most of us are aware of cavities and their risk. However, according to the American Dental Association, more than a quarter of American adults have untreated cavities. If your cavities are not treated early, they can lead to pain in your tooth and you might have to undergo other expensive procedures to save the teeth.

Cavities are caused when bacteria in the mouth are exposed to fermented carbohydrates and sugar. This contact leads to the formation of acid, the acid leads to the loss of the protective phosphate and calcium in the tooth enamel. Decay will then form due to the weak enamel and the exposed dentine. This will later lead to pain in your tooth or the cracking or chipping of your tooth.

The best way to prevent cavities is to brush your teeth twice daily with a fluoride toothpaste. Flossing and rinsing your teeth with an oral rinse is also recommended. At Vita Dental, we also advise you resist from taking those sugary bites so frequently. However, if you visit the dentist and he or she notes that you have cavities he might use a few methods to try and treat the cavities. We will discuss the methods below.

Filling

A popular way to treat your cavities is to fill them with fillings. Fillings are substances used to fill the tooth to ensure no bacteria gets in. A filling prevents your tooth from wearing out and eventually falling off or causing you pain.

The dentist will numb the area of the tooth that needs filling. He will then proceed to remove the decayed part of the tooth. The dentist will inspect and make sure that the decayed area is completely removed. He will then clean the cavity and create space to put up the filling. After filling the tooth, the dentist will polish the fillings and try to match the area so that it looks like the original shape of the tooth.

Fillings are best used when the cavities are realised early. They are easier to use and cheaper compared to other methods of treating cavities. If the tooth is severely decayed and the nerves are affected, the dentist might choose to use a liner and protect the nerve before putting the fillings.

Crowning Your Tooth

If the tooth is severely decayed it can chip or break. Your dentist will advise you to crown your tooth after filling it. A crown will restore your tooth at the gum line. If you have a fragile tooth, a broken tooth or there is little tooth left, the doctor may have to use a very large filling.

The crown will be used to cover this filling and support your fragile tooth. The crown is similar to a natural tooth and makes you have your natural look back hiding your dental filling. Sometimes crowns are used when a dentist fixes an implant or a bridge to hold the bridge in place and hide the implant.

Root Canal

If your decay infects the pulp of your tooth, your dentist will use a process referred to as root canal to remove the infected pulp. The remaining pulp will heal with time after cleaning and sealing. In this case, the crown will be used to cover the dental work.

The nerve in your tooth can break down due to cavities causing multiplication of the bacteria in your tooth. This leads to a very painful tooth, swollen neck glands, foul mouth, and a sore on the side of your tooth. In such a case, the nerve will need to be removed, as the consequences of leaving it intact are worse than the benefits of the nerve.  A nerve only serves to give your tooth a sensation of hot or cold foods. Thus, the removal of the nerve will not have a major impact on your tooth.

The root canal process removes any infected pulp and the nerve if it is infected too. An endodontist is a specialized dentist who deals with the removal of the infected pulp and nerve. The endodontist will perform an x-ray to check if there is an infection around the bone and to know the shape of your root canal. If the nerve is still there, the dentist will have to use painkillers to numb the area. To keep your tooth dry, a piece of rubber will be used. The dentist then drills a hole to get to the nerve. After, he will clean your tooth and remove the infected pulp and the nerve. The area is then cleaned using root canal files that scalp the remaining debris.

Your dentist will most likely choose to wait a while to ensure that no infection develops in the area. In case an infection develops after sealing the tooth, the dentist will have to drill the tooth again and remove the infection. Thus, it is wise to wait before sealing. Further, the dentist will administer some medication before he seals the tooth to ensure no infection occurs.

It is also important to practice proper oral hygiene to prevent cavities. If you have tooth decay, it is essential that you see your dentist soon. The cost of fixing the cavity increases as the tooth continues to decay. Schedule an appointment with Vita Dental so that we can respond to your cavity problem sooner than later. We will also advise accordingly on how to maintain proper oral hygiene.

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