How are Dental Implants Fitted - Dental Implant Process | Vita Dental
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How are Dental Implants Fitted

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Dental implants have become a fast rising option for tooth replacement in comparison to the other options in existence; that is bridges and dentures. That is because its alternatives do not possess the sturdy, more natural and functional qualities that it provides.

These merits are made possible by its functional structure within the oral cavity of a dental patient. Dental Implants entail the introduction of an artificial root to the area of the missing tooth which connects to the jaw bone to stimulate the natural process of bone renewal. A crown that matches your teeth is then introduced to the root thus the natural feel, look, and function.

That is the basic understanding of the dental implant process. However, this article has taken the liberty to provide the details behind the dental implant process for those curios and interested individuals courtesy of Vita Dental.

Properties of a Dental Implant

The most basic component of a dental implant is a titanium screw (also known as titanium cylinder) which is inserted into the jaw bone within a bony socket from which the missing tooth came. It is usually 8 to 16 mm long depending on the root space left by the missing tooth, now that the titanium screw is going to act as the replacement root. The titanium screw fuses with the surrounding bone within a period of three to six months in a process called Osseointegration.

On top of the titanium screw,a special attachment is added, which is known as anabutment. The abutment acts as the connection between the replacement titanium screw and the artificial crown for the missing tooth. The abutment and artificial tooth can be replaced easily as long the titanium screw remains intact.

The Dental Implant Process

Oral Examination

The dentist or periodontist expected to conduct the dental implant procedure should first thoroughly examine your oral cavity. This examination is conducted via radio graphs which in most cases entail the use of an X-ray. However, on rare occasions,a Computed Tomography (CT) scan may be used for three dimensional imaging if the X-ray is found not to be adequate. This option is however not advisable given that it exposes you (the dental patient) to relatively more radiation.

The radio graph examinations function to assess the structure and state of your bone tissue. It exposes delicate structures such as the sinuses and nerves, which in some cases are located close to the implant region, enabling the dentist or periodontist to plan for the procedure strategically.

Implant Insertion

It is standard procedure that you get anesthetized before the procedure,after which the dentist will make an incision in your gum then drill and shape a small hole enough to fit the implant into your jawbone. The clinical condition of your dental issue, which at this point must have been determined by the initial oral examination will dictate whether your implant insertion process will be a one-stage or two-staged procedure. However, if you are having your tooth removed before the dental implant procedure, then you periodontist or dentist can put the implant immediately into the removed tooth’s socket.

One-Stage Procedure

On this stage, once the incision and drill have been made, the implant is placed into the root space created. Then a healing cap is introduced over the implant which protrudes over the gum. After a period of three to six months,the healing cap is then removed and replaced with an abutment, which is a permanent attachment that connects the implant to the crown. The replacement crown is expected to be cemented in position over the abutment. The one-stage procedure is meant for a standard dental implant procedure with less underlying dental issues, which is not the case for its alternative.

Two-Stage Procedure

The two-stage procedure becomes useful when the patient’s dental issue includes the need for an increase in bone quantity. This minor procedure can be achieved through bone grafting or a bone regenerative technique.

The two-stage process entails the introduction of a cover screw over the top of the implant over which the cut gum is sewn. It is left to heal over a period that will be communicated by the dentist or periodontist after which a second procedure is conducted. A small incision is made in the gum again to uncover the implant and the healing cap is attached. After the three to six month healing period, the healing cap is then removed and replaced by the abutment for the placement of the artificial crown.

Attaching the Artificial Crown

Your gum is expected to have completely healed after six weeks. Within this period the dental specialist is expected to have acquired an impression of your tooth so that they can make a crown with consideration to the detail required to give the artificial tooth a natural finish.

Once your new crown is ready,the dentist will conduct another operation to uncover the gum over the implant so that the artificial tooth will then be fitted into the implant through the abutment. You can go for either a permanent or temporary crown depending on your cleaning preference. You will also need to return to the dentist occasionally for checkups to ensure that the implant(s) feel and function comfortably.

Conclusively, this article has hopefully guided you on the dental implant process. However, if you are looking to get a dental implant procedure, Vita Dental Spring is the place you are looking for. It is equipped with state of the art latest equipment and experienced professional staff.

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