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Dealing with Wisdom Teeth as an Adult
The standard number of teeth that an adult can have is 32. The last to grow are the wisdom teeth which are located at the back of the mouth. The teeth usually appear between the age 17 and 25, although some may appear years later. Some people may be born without wisdom teeth, the majority have four— two on the top and two on the bottom.
Other people can often have jaws that may be too small for all 32 teeth to fit. So 28 is all that can be accommodated. Meaning if all the other teeth are present, wisdom teeth cannot come out properly because there may not be enough space. Wisdom teeth grow in at an awkward angle and due to lack of space for growth, they become impacted.
Why It Should Be Removed
Wisdom teeth are at most times removed because they don’t fully erupt from the gums or may not even erupt at all. Partially erupted tooth can lead to a bacterial infection known as pericoronitis. It can also lead to the development of a cyst that damages the bone and gum tissue.
They can also be removed because they become crooked. A crooked wisdom tooth can damage adjacent teeth and mess with your bite’s alignment. Wisdom tooth extraction can be quite a task but avoiding it can cause never-ending problems in your mouth. Let the professionals here at Vita Dental Spring help you.
Wisdom Teeth Symptoms
The pain around the molars increases with time as the wisdom teeth continue to grow sideways. As they grow, they keep pressing on nerves and crowding surrounding teeth.
Redness and swelling around the area. As the teeth begin to erupt through the gums, bacteria tend to enter through open tissue leading to infections, bad taste upon chewing food, foul breath and if left untreated it can breed cysts.
Wisdom teeth can become impacted. This is a situation whereby the jaw bone or adjacent teeth block the teeth from erupting. The affected teeth now become trapped in the same spot as their roots continue to grow deeper, and the longer they remain like that, the more likely they are to cause problems for your oral health.
Home Remedies and Prevention
When wisdom teeth are coming up, there are simple and affordable things anyone can do to ease pain and reduce the risk of infection. These actions include:
Practicing Good Oral Hygiene
Brushing and flossing teeth twice a day, and using mouthwash helps to reduce the bacteria in the mouth that could cause infections.
Drinking Plenty Of Water
This helps to rinse off remaining food and bacteria away from the gums and teeth. Salt water rinse can be used to treat infection and reduce the discomfort caused by pain.
Avoid Sugary Foods
Sweets, chewing gum, and snacks can get stuck inside the broken gums, encouraging bacteria to grow.
The Extraction Process
In most cases, home remedies may not alleviate the pain of an impacted tooth. The common treatment for wisdom teeth symptoms is the extraction of the teeth. Dental surgeons are likely to recommend that wisdom teeth be removed way before they become a problem. Wisdom tooth extraction can be done at Vita Dental Spring by our qualified dental surgeons.
Your dentist will discuss with you these options and any complications before the extraction procedure begins. If the teeth have already erupted through the gum surface, they can be removed easily like normal teeth. For impacted wisdom teeth, it can be a little more complicated.
A local anesthetic will be injected into the affected area in order to numb the pain during surgery. Next, the dentist will apply pressure on to the tooth to loosen it from its socket. Later small incisions are made through the gum surface above the tooth. Most times the wisdom tooth may be cut into smaller pieces to avoid cutting bone and risking nerves and delicate tissues.
The procedure is a short one that normally takes about half an hour. The mouth will still be sore until the anesthetic wears off after around three days later, but the pain can sometimes last for two weeks. As soon as the area is healed, your mouth will feel more relaxed and less crowded, especially if the teeth were impacted.
The extent of discomfort will depend on how easy it was to remove the wisdom tooth. However, it is important to follow any advice you get from the dentist about mouthwashes and so on, to ensure a quick recovery.
Normal painkillers such as ibuprofen or paracetamol will usually deal with any kind of pain. It is best to stay quiet, relaxed, and avoid drinking alcohol and smoking for at least 24 hours afterward to make sure there are no bleeding and other related problems.
There may have been some stitches to help the gum heal over. Your dentist will most likely want to see you again after about a week later to remove any stitches and check on your progress. Let Vita Dental Spring be your dental services provider.
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