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10 Orthodontic Options for Correcting Bad Bites
While bad bites only affect a small segment of the population, they can cause a lot of harm to the health and overall well-being of the affected persons. In addition to altering your smile and overall facial look, bad bites, otherwise known as Malocclusions, also, accelerates tooth wear and increase a person’s chances of developing dental diseases.
Orthodontic treatment is aimed at correcting bad bites. The treatment comes with a several corrective options that one can undergo and this Vita Dental post highlights 10 of the Orthodontic options to correct bad bites.
Metal braces are, perhaps, the most common Orthodontic option for fixing misaligned teeth. They have been in existence for a long time and their track record can speak for itself. Metal braces basically consist of a metal bracket that is bonded to the front teeth and anchored to back teeth with an anchor band. The tension by the braces gradually move the teeth to the desired position hence fixing one’s bite.
Invisible bracket braces
Metal braces are a great teeth aligning option and have proven to work effectively. However, they usually have one disadvantage. Metal braces give one a less desirable appearance. Invisible bracket braces don’t come with this downside. They are made of a polymer material that give them a more appealing look. Their functionality is similar to how metal braces work.
Unlike the two types of braces above that cannot be removed once they are fixed into position, clear aligners can be removed. Clear aligners work a little bit differently. They are made of plastic trays which can fit snugly over one’s dental arch. A series of these trays are generated using a computer to match the dental structure of the patient. Each tray is a little smaller than the previous one to create the desired tension on the teeth that will get them to align properly. The trays work for two to three weeks before being changed.
Upper Jaw Expander
This option is commonly used in young patients. The upper jaw expander is basically a wire-frame that is fitted across the palate. A special key is used to widen this expander just slightly every night. With time, the upper jaw will begin to widen and once it has aligned with the lower jaw and the bite fixed, the expander is gotten rid of. One is usually required to wear the expander for about a year, after which the expander is to be replaced with a retainer.
“Reverse-pull” face mask
The Reverse-pull face mask is a headgear that is wrapped around the head of a child. It pulls the upper jaw back to the desired position with the help of metal bands. Just like all the other procedures, the reverse-pull mask works by exerting tension on the patient’s teeth gradually until the upper and the lower jaws align.
Another Orthodontic option that can be used to fix bad bites is undergoing a surgical procedure. The surgical procedures are more suited for adults whose jaws and teeth have fully formed. For children, the various non-surgical procedures are the most suitable. This is because surgery is a pretty invasive procedure.
A chin cap is an Orthodontic device that is wrapped around the top of the patient’s head and their chin. The caps are meant to help prevent the continued growth, the movement and the protrusion of the patient’s lower jaw.
Bad bite can be severe or mild and the nature of the condition is what will dictate the method of treatment that is to be applied. For cases where the bad bite is mild, then the patient can undergo the Facelift technology procedure. This is one of the latest procedures that helps reshape lower teeth and get the veneers to bond properly. This ensures that the teeth grow properly and the bad bite is corrective. In addition to fixing the condition, the facelift procedure can help make a bad bite less visible hence improving the functionality of the jaw.
Dental retainers are often used after an orthodontic procedure to help prevent one’s teeth from growing out of the desired position. The retainer is a combination of plastic and metal and one can choose to wear removable ones or have one fixed to the back of their teeth by the orthodontic. For them to work effectively a patient is required to wear retainers for at least 6 months for a specified period of time every day. For some cases, one may be required to wear retainers for over a year.
Removal of some teeth
Another Orthodontic option for fixing bad bites is removal of one or several teeth that have overcrowded. The tooth removal is conducted the same way a basic tooth extraction is done. When overcrowding is eliminated, the other teeth get the room to grow in their natural position this improving one’s bite and appearance.
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